Home Firewall Appliance

October 24, 2015

Hardware Components
It might seem odd for a CCIE to wish to branch out from Cisco products, but given that networking landscape has been changing in the last couple of years, and my career advances, I’ve been more and more finding myself trying to find possibilities to gain knowledge about other sellers and services and products as I concentrate more about solving networking issues at a structure level and concentrating less on specific how-to syntax on certain platform. Basically understand what I’m attempting to accomplish, discovering the setup bits to do it becomes the relatively simple component. It’s advisable that you get acquainted your options.

After doing a bit of reading on pfSense, we assembled a simple selection of just what my residence system environment would get and drop by a switch from ASA to pfSense:

Things gained:

  • IPv6 tunnels (6to4, protocol 41)
  • DNS forwarder, auto-populated with DHCP lease info, capability to do split DNS
  • DynDNS updater
  • Several WAN backlinks with robust liveliness checks/thresholds
  • Policy-based routing
  • BGP (OK, I guess we don’t require this for my house broadband connection…)

Things lost:

  • AnyConnect/Clientless SSLVPN
  • CLI administration
  • More Cisco knowledge
  • Deep layer 7 evaluation principles
  • Power performance – ASA5505 draws just a couple watts, VMWare server needs 180+. This impacts UPS runtime, etc.

picture Jan 28, 8 32 54 PMOf the “things destroyed” list, the CLI had beenn’t much of a problem. I’ve come to take (oftentimes embrace!) a GUI globe. I’ve been lower than delighted using the AnyConnect Clientless knowledge and have now already been utilizing client-based VPN for home accessibility and so the losing clientless was not an issue. I get a great amount of Cisco experience each day so operating a rarely-changing home firewall (this is certainly however also “production” to make use of as a lab piece) has also been no loss. Deep layer 7 assessment is something that (a) the ASA does not do all that well compared to true next-gen fire walls, and (b) pfSense also can do, I think, easily cared to dig in and figure out how. In addition, to help keep some point of view on things, we’re referring to my residence community right here, maybe not a data center full of corporate trade secrets or electronic wellness records. Finally, the energy performance is one thing I’ll miss. My ASA would run for 2 hours on a small UPS, whereas the server will deplete my largest UPS in about fifteen minutes. Demonstrably, on-going expense to perform the host is also higher, but I was probably possess host working anyhow so I’m simply hoping to get extra usage from it.

resource-poolThe Setup

This post isn't a tutorial on installing pfSense. There are many out there. In reality, discover a beneficial doctor on pfSense internet site about running a pfSense virtual machine on vSphere 5. When configuring the VM, used to do stick with E1000 NICs and while I’ve heard some individuals mention either performance issues or bugginess when utilizing that vNIC, I’ve perhaps not had difficulty yet. You will find three schools of idea pertaining to linking your vSphere server towards unfiltered Internet feed. The very first is “don’t get it done.” If this was a high-security environment, I’d become more leery. For my house system, i will be prepared to accept some danger allow the virtual firewall concept. In addition, even as we move every thing into cloud conditions, this concept separating reliable from untrusted utilizing virtualization has begun to gain commonality (consider even VLANs and VRFs on standard networking equipment), so that you need certainly to decide for your self how comfortable you may be. After that, some people like dedicating a NIC in a PCI pass-through structure, using objective of also maintaining the NIC away from vSphere’s radar which will reduce potential for an attacker limiting the vSwitch or host itself. This, however, calls for that you go the whole NIC in the VM, and my server setup is so that I don’t have a passionate, single-port NIC that I am able to pass in at this time (though I’m thinking about incorporating one). Thus I just produced a passionate vSwitch for untrusted, external connection, and provided that vSwitch an individual, untagged port-group and just one physical vmnic.

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